Information from the 16th and 17th Century is very sketchy.  

List of villagers who took an oath of allegiance to the Protestant religion - 1641

Wills and Probate Inventories from 1530 to 1715

Probate Inventories listed, often with a price,  every article owned by the deceased.  They give a very vivid picture of what life was like in the late 16th and 17th century.  Some of the articles listed have quite strange names and one can only guess at their use.

Siege of Taunton.    The Royalist Forces besieging Taunton made their headquarters somewhere in this area.  An intruiging document,

[The Perfect Occurrences], suggests that the Prince of Wales [the future Charles II] might possibly have briefly visited

Stoke St Mary or “Mary Stoke” as it was then called.

As well as filling in the Parish Registers, the priest would send a copy of the entries in the Register to the Bishop of Bath and Wells, these are the Bishops Transcripts.   There are a few pages remaining covering the period 1600 - 1677, sadly they are not very legible.  The  Parish Registers start in 1677.